The parts of a bandsaw are:
- Power switch
- Dust port
- Bandsaw table
- Titer gauge
- Table tilt lever
- Tracking knob
- Tension knob
- Rapid tension lever
- Height adjustment knob
- Bandsaw tires
For custom woodworking, such as creating a small piece of furniture, a band saw is an essential tool for both professionals and hobbyists. These saws make cuts that other saws are unable to perform and are perfect for following curved and irregular patterns. Bandsaws are also ideal for milling lumber down into smaller boards and, with the right blade attached, can even be used for cutting through metal. Like any tool, bandsaws need attention, maintenance and care, and require replacement parts when they reach the end of their operational lifespan.
Some bandsaws have unique features, but most share the same essential components regardless of manufacturer. Always check your operator’s manual before the first operation for your bandsaw, after replacing your blades and before making any adjustments, since bandsaw designs vary by manufacturer. Taking this step will keep yourself safe, protect the people and property around you and make sure your saw stays in excellent condition.
Bandsaw Parts Explained
Each bandsaw part plays a vital role in keeping your equipment running. Some are fixed to the machine, others you should think about each time you change the blade and some need attention each time you cut a new piece of lumber or metal. Here is an overview of all the parts of a bandsaw so you know what they do, how they work and how to use your bandsaw to its best potential.
The Frame and Base
The frame is the largest part of your bandsaw and comprises the entire solid exterior. Modern tabletop bandsaws are made with aluminum or steel frames, although plastic models offer a lightweight, more affordable but less durable option. The bandsaw frame also includes the base of your saw. While bandsaws provide a stable cutting platform on a flat surface, you should consider securing the base to your workbench using clamps for added safety and ease of use.
The Bandsaw Motor
Bandsaw motors are located near the base and range in power and performance based on saw size and manufacturer. If you need to replace your motor, be sure to find one that is compatible with your saw. Bandsaw motors can offer single or dual speed operation using a toggle power switch, and output will vary. For most 9″ vertical bandsaws, amperage (A) tends to range between 2.5A to 3A, while your cutting speeds may be listed as either RPM (rotations per minute) or FPM (feet per minute).
The Dust Port
The dust port is located near the base of the bandsaw. This feature funnels sawdust away from your cutting platform, making it easier to see and keeping sawdust from affecting your blade’s performance. By itself, your dust port will blow sawdust directly away from the bandsaw. If you want to gain an edge, attach your shop vac nozzle to the dust port and leave it on while cutting to collect sawdust and keep the air clear.
The Bandsaw Table
The bandsaw table is your cutting platform. While sizes vary, most are rectangular with widths approaching 12″ and depths ranging from 12′” to over 14″. Most tables also include a miter gauge, which is an attachment used to create miter (angle) cuts up to 45 degrees in either direction. The miter gauge secures to the table and guides the lumber for a precise cut. Some tables can be tilted in one or both directions using a tilt lever.
Tension Adjustment Knobs
If you need to change from cutting soft lumber to cutting through hardwoods and metal, you will need to make adjustments to keep your blade moving and your cuts even. Softer materials require less blade tension. When cutting through denser materials, increase your blade tension to maintain maximum beam strength. This prevents the blade from snagging or deflecting off your surface. For most saws, you can adjust the blade tension using an attached wheel, adjustment knob or lever.
Blade Adjustment Knobs
To keep tight control over your blade, use the blade height adjustment knob and position your blade to allow 1/8″ to 1/4″ of space between your machine and the surface of your materials. If you set the height too low, you can create friction and cause overheating issues. If you set the blade too high, you run the risk of your blade heading off course while trying to follow your line. If the blade feels like it wobbles during saw operation, adjust the tracking knob until it stabilizes.
While many saws have circular saw blades, bandsaw blades are long, continuous metal bands with different teeth patterns. Bandsaw blades are long, and the right length blade will vary by size and manufacturer. Bandsaw blades are also available in different widths, and you want to find one in the maximum width available while allowing enough flex to accomplish unique cuts. Teeth per inch (TPI) refers to tooth count on the blade, with higher numbers suited for cutting thinner materials and making smoother cuts.
Bandsaw Wheels (Pulleys)
If you open the frame and look inside your bandsaw, you will see the bandsaw wheels. The bandsaw wheels are powered by the motor and spin to operate the bandsaw blade. These wheels move in one direction. When changing your bandsaw blade, make sure your teeth are pointed facing downward. You may need to flip the blade to get your teeth in the right direction. Bandsaw wheels can wear down, and if you need to replace yours, there are many different kinds available.
Located between the wheels and the blade are your bandsaw tires. Most bandsaws include rubber tires, and you can upgrade to tires made from urethane for added performance. Bandsaw tires create grip for your blade and provide a cushioning layer to prevent unnecessary wear on the blade and wheels. If your tires are missing any material, show signs of dry rot or are starting to crack, you should replace them with tires made in the recommended size.
Keep Your Bandsaw Running Smoothly With Tires From Luxite Saw
If you are looking for replacements or would like to install upgrades to improve the performance of your bandsaw, turn to Luxite Saw. We carry rubber and urethane bandsaw tires in an array of sizes as small as 10″, with rubber bandsaw tires reaching 38″ and urethane tires up to 20″ in diameter. All of our bandsaw tires are made in the USA and manufactured using the highest quality raw materials for products you can depend on.